I learn by way of two Samuel a couple of years in the past in my private dedication once I got here to the Bible, which prompted me to question whether or not the Solomon temple was God's will.
ever since I've been capable of do extra investigation and conclusion, that it was truly inbuilt the flesh matter. This doc sets out how I ended up with this conclusion
Because the matter is not mentioned extensively, I’m cautious conclusions. If it is right, the consequences are big. It makes me marvel how much of what we personally do is actually born of flesh – God's blessing later as a concession
Right here's the proof.
This article offers proof that Solomon's temple was not the will of God, but was the product of David's flesh. God promised that one of David's descendants would build a "house" via his identify via the prophet Nathan. David both misunderstood God's response by way of Nathan or determined to construct his temple that he learn his will to what God revealed. Nevertheless, God in any case blessed the temple as a concession
"The Temple of David". The first temple is often referred to as the Solomon Temple. Right here is known as the temple of David, as a result of he based the concept, made plans, offered it with materials, and gave the first command to start development, giving Solomon a lesser position.
"flesh". David does not build the temple he proposed. David learn his will to what God had stated and made exhaustive preparations for the will of God. On this sense, David was in the flesh.
"Nathan's Vision". References are made to Nathan's vision (referred to as Nathan's vision). That is the "Word of the Lord" that arrived at the prophet Nathan at night time with a imaginative and prescient saved in 2 Sam. 7: Four-17 and 1 Chron. 17: Three-15. These factors are separated from different dialogues, similar to the dialogues between David and Solomon, as a result of the Nathan dialog is clearly identified as God's message. It’s the "Word of the Lord," which is given as a imaginative and prescient to a acknowledged prophet, and its message is delivered to its hearers, "thus says the Lord" (2 Sam. 2: Four, 5, 17).
First think about two events: (1) David's suggestion to construct a temple and (2) David's activity for Solomon to build it. Every occasion is recorded twice, making 4 tracks. The first occasion, David's suggestion of building a temple, is saved in both 2 Sams. 7 and 1 Chron. 17. One other event, David, who charged Salomon, is recorded in 1 Chron. 22 and 1 Chron. 28-29. The complete text is in Appendices 1 and a couple of.
At the first occasion, David was compared to a humble tent area that was only a tent on a powerful palace (2 Samuel 7: 1). He informed the Prophet Nathan that he needed to construct a extra snug residence on the covenant (v. 1). At first, Nathan informed David, "Go, do all that is in your heart," however says, "Thus says the Lord" (2 Samuel 7: Three). Then God appeared to Nathan at night time in visions and rejected David's supply, and stated to the king that he did not construct the temple (2 Samuel 7: 5-7). This is clearer in the parallel story, which clearly states: "You must not build me in the house where you would live" (1 Corinthians 17: Four). As an alternative, God informed David that he had built him a "house" and that his "house" kingdom and throne can be established endlessly by way of one of his descendants (2 Samuel 7:11, 16).
Another event could be seen that David believed the "house" to which God referred was the bodily temple (primarily the similar concept he had originally proposed to God) and that he believed Solomon to be a descendant whom God stated to construct (1 Chron 22: 7-10). David himself "made many preparations" (1 Corinthians 22: 5). Part of his preparation was that he budgeted and financed it (p. 24), ready many materials for it (v. 2-4, 14), hired staff and created an organizational degree amongst them (v. 15). These preparations additionally included some arduous work, reminiscent of stone, iron and logging (v. 2-Four). David gave the first command to begin some development when he informed individuals to "rise and build the sanctuary of the Lord God" (1 Corinthians 22:19). This structure was in all probability confined to the placement of sheet and cardboard units, but still development. The final statement is that David additionally charged Solomon to proceed his work (1 Corinthians 22: 6).
Arguments in the story itself
The concept of the temple was born with David, not God. David felt guilty when he compared a stunning palace with a humble tent. God never asked David to build it, nor did he give any directions. Examine this with a tent. Only the concept of the plot was born of God, but God rigorously revealed all the flats that have been to Moses. Moses devoted greater than six and a half chapters to God explaining how it ought to be constructed (Exodus 25: 1–31: 11), nine chapters describing how clergymen ministered inside it (Genesis 1-9). , six different chapters clarify how individuals actually built it (eg 35-40), and points that describe the Lord continuously fulfilling it (Ex. 33: 7-11; 40: 34-38; De. 31:15) Ps. 99: 7). In addition, the place to stay needed to be based mostly on Moses's pattern of God's mountain (Ex. 25:40; 26:30; 39:42, 43; Num. Eight: 4; Acts 7:44; Heb. Eight: 5). It was a replica of the true heaven (Hebrews 9:11, 23, 24; 10:22).
The concept of "raised" (1Ch. 8:13) or "exceedingly magnificent, famous and glorious" (1 Cor 22: 5) is opposed to the philosophy of worship given to Moses. they might not reduce stones or use any tools (Ex. 20:25; Deuteronomy 27: 5, 6 Josh 8:30, 31) relatively they have been restricted to the development of the "earth altar" or "stone altar" Exodus 20:24) It is probably that the worshiper's attention must be alone on God and not on the altar. God has clearly informed David not to construct a temple (1 Corinthians 17: Four), however David did lots (or virtually every part) of work and referred to as it "preparation." 3 times the text highlights David's preparations: "Da Avid made a lot of preparations "(1 Corinthians 22: 5); "I've done a lot of effort to prepare" (1.Kr 22:14); "I have made throughout my strength" (1.Kr. 29: 2). He appointed brick males and ready so much of iron, bronze and cedar (1 Cor. 22: 2-Three). He created plans for every part: "Hallway, its houses, Treasures, its upper chambers, its chambers and the seat of the mercy seat" (1 Corinthians 28:11) and "City Houses" Lord, from all the chambers, the treasures of the house of God and the treasures of the treasures ”(V. 12). He created plans for "the division of priests and Levites, for the whole service" (verse 13). These plans have been so detailed that he had already precisely weighed how a lot gold and silver was to be used on every table, bowl, feeder and disc – every product was already designed and the actual amount of materials was reserved and prepared (v. 11-19). ). David budgeted it, funded it, created all the plans and delivered all the supplies to it. He even had a spot where it was picked (1 Chron. 21: 24-26)! It may be argued that David made so many "preparations" that each one Solomon wanted to do was the mouth "Start". However David didn't even permit it.
It was David himself who gave the first command to start development, thus disobeying God's command. Although this development might have been limited to the sanctuary, it was indeed the command of a functioning ruler, King David, to "rise and build the sanctuary of the Lord God" (1 Corinthians 22:19). Can this truthfully name the Solomon temple when David did all the work and even gave the first command to start out constructing it?
David promised his son to continue his undertaking. His father advised Solomon to build a temple; Salomon had no selection. "Then he called his son Solomon and made him build a house for the Lord God of Israel" (1 Corinthians 22: 6). God's promise to David was that God himself would construct a house for David (2 Samuel 7:11). Nevertheless, David did not spread in the promise of God. As an alternative, David did every little thing he might to ensure that his exhausting work was achieved – even by going as far as to allow his son to publicly promise to start out his challenge.
David was obsessed and utterly consumed with the undertaking. Along with all the features already talked about, there’s 1 Chron. 29: Three: "I have set my affection to God's house," and Psalm 132: 1-5:
LORD, keep in mind David and all his afflictions; How he swore to the Lord, and swore to Jacob, "I will not go into the chamber of my house, but go with my bed; I will not sleep on my eyes or sleep on my eyelids until I find a place for the Lord, a residence for Jacob. "
If this Psalm actually speaks of building a temple (as the" residence "exhibits) and it’s not a hyperbole, then we have now a very good purpose to consider that David had insomnia throughout this time, one thing fairly widespread for individuals suffering from compulsive labor dependency
Arguments from Others
Stephen accommodates a temple building instance listing of how the Israelites had resisted the Holy Spirit. Stephen stated:
”Our fathers had a spot of witness in the wilderness as he referred to as, and commanded Moses to do it in line with what he had seen, which our fathers acquired after that they had acquired it in turn. to the land of the Gentiles, which God drove in entrance of the face of our fathers until the days of David, who discovered God to seek the home of God of Jacob. But Solomon constructed him in the home. “The highest is not, nevertheless, in the temples made in the palms, as the prophet says,“ Heaven is my throne, and the earth is my ft. Which room do you’re keen on me? “The Lord says,“ What is my disk's place? Didn't my hand do all this stuff? "(Acts 7: 44-50)
Coffman was convinced that the temple confronted the rejection of God. He stated that the repetitive destruction of the temple is a sign of this. Salomon built the first temple in 957 B.C. Sheshonk I (also referred to as Shishak) during the attack of Judah 926 and 917 B.C. It was hooked up significantly to Jehoash beneath 835 B.C, then removed from King Sennacherib Assyrian 700 in B.C., and Babylonians utterly destroyed it in 586 B.C. The second temple was rebuilt underneath Zerubbabel at the end of the captivity 516 B.C. The humble temple of Zerubbabel was then reworked round King Herod about 20 C.C. It was utterly destroyed by the Romans at the age of 70 and stays in ruins until as we speak.
Coffman added that Jesus himself declared that he would abandon the temple when he referred to as it "the stamp of thieves and robbers" (Matthew 21:13). . And he added, "The book of the Hebrews overrides and leaves the Jewish temple completely and recognizes all the typical functions mentioned in Exodus, not in the temple, but with the tent." Finally, the Bible exhibits that, in accordance with Coffman, a residential constructing, not a temple, is being restored. He wrote from Amos 9:11:
Amos right here clearly spoke of the Solomon temple, which had "fallen" from the house of David. He also thought-about Solomon's temple as "the ruins of a plot," and he made a promise that "in that day", that is, in the occasions of the Messiah, can be rebuilt. Amos wrote these phrases in the eighth century, and even when Solomon's temple had been standing for over a century, he stated, "David's shipyard has fallen." It can’t imply that God would have changed it in the Solomon temple. 19659006] Some would argue that the temple was God's will for the following passages.
First, the temple should have been the will of God as a result of it crammed it with glory (2 Chronicles 5:13; 2 Chronicles 7: 1 2, 1 Ki. Eight: 10-11). Why would God fill the temple with His glory if it was not His will to construct it? The answer is straightforward – it was a concession. That is the similar as when individuals asked the king. It killed God that they rejected His king, but God acquired their request (1 Samuel Eight: 7). Other examples of concessions are polygamy and divorce (Mark 10: 5-9).
Secondly, David stated that the Holy Spirit had directed him in his plans, "All this," stated David, "the Lord made me perceive by writing in his arms all the works of these plans. “” (1 Corinthians 28:19) The chronicle (who was inspired by the Holy Ghost himself) acknowledged the steerage of the Spirit when he referred to David's plans of “Plans for all that He had by the Spirit” (1 Corinthians 28:12). This eliminates the risk that David lied. The answer is that God has in truth started to guide him sooner or later as a concession.
Third, God referred to the temple in the day of Moses, so God clearly needed to switch the temple with the temple. There are verses that speak about how the Israelites worship "in the place where the Lord chooses" once they have been in the promise within the earth (Deuteronomy 12: Eight-14; 14:23; 15:20; et al.). Apparently Solomon thought that one or all of these factors referred to his temple:
“Still, maintain your servant's prayer and his request, Lord, my God, and take heed to the cry and prayer your servant prays earlier than you right now that your eyes could also be open to this temple daily, toward which you stated, "My name is there," that you can hear the prayer your servant makes to this place (1Ch. 8: 28-29, emphasis added).
Examine the above italic with Deut. 12:11:
“Then there is a place where the Lord your God decides to make his name. There you must bring all that I command you, your burnt offerings, your sacrifices, your tithes, your sacrifices, and all your choices that you promise to the Lord. ”
The reply to this is that God has referred to the remaining resting place of the place. There isn’t any indication in the Previous Testament that God will exchange the humble dwelling in a powerful temple. In addition, this language was already applied to Shiloh's place: “Now go to my place, which was in Shiloh, where I put my name first” (Jer. 7: 12a).
Fourth, God meant either double or partial filling of Nathan's imaginative and prescient in Solomon. This criticism is essential enough to be dealt with in its own half
Some claim that some prophecies have "double fulfillment" or "multiple fulfillment". Consideration may be drawn to Daniel 9:27, 11:31, and 12:11 – endorsing this view:
“Terribleness that makes it desolate… Prophecy was originally crammed when Antiochus Epiphanes pressured the Jews to sacrifice pigs on the altars and entered the Saints in 167 BC. Nevertheless, it was again crammed in the destruction of Jerusalem, and it’s crammed in the last time of the end-time occasions (Mark 13:14 and par. Cf. Revelation 13:14).
Zuck gave an instance to Joel:
When Peter rose to Pentecost, he introduced that the coming of the Holy Spirit was "what the prophet Joel spoke" (Acts 2:16). Nevertheless, this was solely partial achievement as a result of Joel predicted not only the fall of the Holy Ghost, but in addition that folks would dream of goals and see visions and that uncommon "miracles in heaven and on earth" would happen. It is apparent that there was no "blood and fire and smoke" on Pentecost Day, and the solar turned to "darkness and blood of the moon" (Joel 2: 30–31). These events have but to be completed. So right here we’ve partial achievement for some of Joel's prophecies on Pentecost, however the ultimate achievement awaits the future.
Some individuals assume that Nathan's imaginative and prescient is analogous – that via Christ is the remaining achievement, however that God has additionally planned there. also be full of Solomon. Nathan's vision reads as follows:
When your days are fulfilled and you’re current together with your fathers, I will set you after your seed, which comes from your body, and will set up his kingdom. He builds a house for my identify, and I will set up the throne of his kingdom perpetually. I will be his Father, and he shall be my son. If he does incorrect, I need to rob him with the individuals's rod and the boys of the individuals. (2 Sam. 7: 12–14)
If it have been true that some type of achievement is to be found in Salomon, one can argue that the temple should have been God's will.
Double or partial achievement of
First, the phrase "I'm his Father, and he shall be my son" (2 Sam. 7:14) may be utilized only in Christ. It’s not a trivial statement, but a name for a privileged, unique and close relationship between God the Father and the Son. There are just a few points in the Bible the place this phrase is talked about, and in all instances it refers to Messiah. The Hebrews 1: 5 quote it when it’s applied to Christ, saying that even the angels haven’t any such designation – it’s a distinctive relationship Christ alone enjoys. This phrase can also be used in Psalm 2. When Paul quotes Psalm Acts 13:33 in, he makes it clear that Jesus is the solely achievement of this psalm:
declare Regulation: The Lord has stated to me: "You’re my son, at the moment I have born to you. Ask me, and I will offer you the nations of your inheritance, and the ends of the earth in your possession. You have to break them with an iron rod; You must throw them into pieces like a potter's pot. Be taught, you judges on earth. Serve the Lord with worry, and rejoice in the trembling. Kiss the Son that he would not be indignant, and also you will lose the means when His anger comes on however little. Blessed are all those that belief in Him. (Psalm 2: 7-12)
Solomon isn’t so close to the Father. On the contrary, in his final years, Solomon went astray from the Lord and constructed locations of worship for many of his gods. God turned indignant with Him (1 Cor. 11: Four-9b).
Second, Nathan's vision consists of apparent messianic bypasses. The core of Nathan's imaginative and prescient was that God built David as an everlasting house and kingdom. The angel Gabriel in the New Testomony clearly exhibits that Jesus alone is the King who rules this house:
He is nice and is known as the Son of the Supreme; and the Lord God will give him the throne of David his father. And he will reign over the house of Jacob endlessly, and his kingdom will not finish (Luke 1: 32–33).
The Prophet Isaiah stated that the one who sits on the "throne of David and his kingdom" can be ceaselessly none aside from the "mighty God" (Isa. 9: 6-7). And Zechariah describes the royal and priesthood "BRANCHI" who would sit and rule this throne (Zechariah 6: 12-13). The revelation of Nathan's Vision is properly suited to this common Messianic context. By putting 2 Samuel 7:14 apart (this is handled in the subsequent part), these other paragraphs clearly confer with the Messiah alone. Why would Nathan's imaginative and prescient be totally different?
Moreover, there does not appear to be a time when Nathan's imaginative and prescient has made Solomon match for partial achievement. Moderately, God's promise to build a home on his behalf is related to distant, future occasions, after David. A minimum of it happened after David died: “The Lord says that he will make you a home. When your days are fulfilled and also you promise together with your fathers, I will offer you your seed after you, which comes out of your physique, and I will affirm his kingdom. (2 Samuel 7: 11c-12) It’s during this time after David that this "house" will be built (v. 13). Nevertheless, David made quite a bit of preparation for the temple in his own life and personally commanded at the least some of the development to begin.
Lastly, the constructed God built one of the descendants of David, who can be the eternal king, who eternally controls the eternal kingdom. As well as, the grace of God by no means leaves this offspring: "But my mercy shall not depart from him, as I took it Saul, whom I removed before you" (2 Sam 7:15.). We can’t discover the full or partial achievement of this in Solomon as a result of (1) he was not an eternal king, (2) his kingdom's administration ended historically with the destruction of Jerusalem in 586 B.C. and (Three) God took His mercy from Solomon consequently of his infidelity, as He did with Saul.
It is potential to determine scientists who claim some type of partial achievement of Nathan's imaginative and prescient. Nevertheless, the writer did not discover any purpose why these researchers contemplate their views. Next, the author tries to answer hypothetical arguments in favor of partial achievement of Nathan's view in Salomon.
David stated that God informed him that the son He referred to Nathan's vision was Solomon (1 cr.: 6-7, 10). In truth, David stated Solomon alone was the achievement of prophecy: "My son Solomon, whom God alone has chosen, is young and inexperienced" (1 Corinthians 29: 1a). In addition, Solomon later stated that he was the one who fulfilled the vision (1 Cor. 5: 5) and proclaimed the dedication of the temple: "The Lord has fulfilled His word which He spoke" (1 Cor. 8:20). These words are saved in the Bible, and the Bible can’t be damaged. Some might subsequently claim that Salomon should have no less than partial achievement.
May be a simple answer: Solomon and David have been flawed in God and / or misinterpreted God's revelation and the Bible simply wrote what they stated. This might be just like Eve, which might improve what God stated in the backyard. While that is an uncomfortable answer, this might be inside the limits of Biblical invalidity. The Berkhof believed that God "directed the writers of the Bible to choose their words and expressions to keep them from error", however he additionally believed that Eve added to God's words Genesis 3: 3. additionally shared the view that Eve added to God's revelation. This answer acknowledges that only the word of the Lord given to the Prophet Nathan is God's revealed will in narration (2 Sam. 7: Four-17; 1 Chron. 17: Three-15). The statements given by David and Solomon are their interpretation of what God stated, and their speeches are recorded in an inertial Bible report as a result of they stated.
David additionally stated that God would forbid him from building a temple because he was a person of conflict and had shed blood (1 Corinthians 22: 8; 28: 2). It signifies that if David had not been a warfare man, he might have fulfilled the prophecy and the imaginative and prescient would not have been crammed solely with the Messiah, however David would have no less than partial achievement. Nevertheless, God never stated it. Nathan's imaginative and prescient says nothing in any respect that the Bible might not construct a temple because he was a person in warfare or any variety of impurity (see once more 2 Samuel 7: 4-17; 1 Chron. 17: 3-15). Does God contemplate that Solomon, together with his thousand wives and shuttles, who turned their hearts out of the Lord, can be more valuable to construct a ship to construct a temple than David, a person after God's personal coronary heart (examine 1 Sam. 11: 1-9: 1 Sam. 13:14) , Acts 13:22)? Hardly! It seems more probably that David raised this cause throughout his own time for a lot of hours, which he awakened at night time to an obsessed venture (Ps. 132: 1-5).
Nathan's vision in Samuel's account says, "When he does wrong, I will punish him with the people's rod where people have suffered" (2 Samuel 7:14). This is the strongest argument that the author can assume of when referring no less than partially to Solomon, as a result of Jesus was sin. This argument is discussed in detail in the next section.
The Psalm 89 accommodates comparable "punishable rod" wording, and it clearly states that the sons of David are punished for his or her disobedience, so one has to satisfy one thing in Solomon. Indeed, Psalm 89 incorporates the similar wording as 2. Samuel 7:14. It says: "I have found my servant David" (verse 20): "My grace is with him" (verse 24): "He's calling me:". "(V. 26)" You’re my Father Liitoni will stand agency with him " (p. 28): "His seed also I will final endlessly" (verse 29), after which:
"If his sons abandon my regulation, and stroll not in my judgment: In the event that they break my statutes and do not maintain my commandments, then I I punish their crimes with a rod, and their iniquities on the tracks ”(v. 30-32). It’s not an interpretation however an software in Nathan's Vision for many who worship.
Whether it is not potential for Nathan's imaginative and prescient to be crammed twice or partially by Solomon, what have to be executed with 2 Samuel 7:14? As already mentioned, this verse is the largest problem. It reads: "When he sins, I will rob him of the people and the sons of men." The drawback is that Jesus never sinned (John 1:29; 19: 6; Matt. 27: 4, 24; Luke 23:37) in any other case he might not be the savior of the world (1 Peter 1:19; 9:12, 14). How then can this verse probably contact Christ alone?
The first probability is a bit formidable: each English translation is a nasty translation. 18th and 19th century researcher Adam Clarke stated: "This chapter (2 Sam. 17) is one of the most important Old Testaments, and some of its most interesting verses have been erroneously made in our translation." He translated it:
his father and he will be my son; and I will destroy him with the rod of men (behind males) and with stripes in his suffering for evil. (because of Adam's youngsters).
The writer considers this view unlikely. Psalm 89: 30-32 reproduces substantially the parts of 2 Sam. 7:14. If Clarke's view was proper, the Psalm also needs to be explained. A more probably various is that it is conditional. The word "when" may be translated "if". Half of the fashionable English translations learn "if." Hebrew 2 Samuel 7:14 reads:
אני אהיה־לו לאב והוא יהיה־לי לבן אשר בהעותו והכחתיו בשבט אנשים ובנגעי בני אדם׃
It’s obvious that the relative relationship אשר may be translate "if." But it is shocking that the ב pre-position can be translated "if". Gesenius provides a clear example of "if" the use of Psalms 46: 2 (Three [H]): "Therefore we are not afraid, even if the earth is removed, and even though the mountains pass in the midst of the sea. “The verb used here is also a Hiphil infinitive structure: בהמיר ארץ . The author of the Psalm 46 does not intend to say that the land will certainly be removed. Rather, the Israelis are not afraid, even though the mountains should be transported to the sea (but there is no expectation that really happens). Gesenius gives another example Isaiah 1:15: "Once you spread your hand, I disguise my eyes … your palms are full of blood." This verb is בפרשכם and it carries "if" Which means. Are those whose arms are full of blood unfold their palms? They could or might not – it's not a certainty. But when that happens, God hides his eyes from them. In addition, אשר and the preposition ב have numerous meanings. "If," אשר can be translated "who", "who", "the place", "as a result of", "so", "so", "when" and ב preposition might be translate "in", "when", "when", "because" or "although." Each "if" and "when" may be supported by translation.
Is the text nonetheless an issue if it reads "If he sins?" No, because Jesus was tempted (Matthew 4: 1-11; Luke Four: 1-Four; Mark 1: 12-13). Jos tuomme tämän ymmärryksen 2 Samuelin 7:14 kappaleeseen, ei näytä olevan mitään asiaa sen kanssa sovellettaessa täysin yksinomaan Kristukseen yksin – ei ole tarvetta etsiä osittaista täyttymistä Salomossa.
Jotkut jotka pidä yksi täyttönäkymä yksinkertaisesti hylkää jae kokonaan. Henry Smith uskoi, että tämä jae on seurausta redektiosta, ja sanoi, että koko jaksolla on merkkejä "ilmeisestä korruptiosta". Odotamme tämän liberaalista apurahasta. Konservatiivit James Coffman ja George Caird myös epäilevät, että tässä on mukana jonkinlainen redaction. Ensi silmäyksellä se saattaa tuntua epäillyltä. The content material in each passages is nearly similar—the solely substantial exception is that this line: “If he commits iniquity, I will chasten him with the rod of men and with the blows of the sons of men.” That line is found only in Samuel. The content of the further line is not trivial. It might seem to be a key half of the message God was making an attempt to communicate to David. Why would something this necessary be overlooked of the Chronicles account if Nathan truly stated it? It’s straightforward to think about a scribe coming throughout this verse and inserting a remark to help others make sense of the Captivity that they had just skilled. Nevertheless, as beforehand talked about, Psalm 89 accommodates a number of parallels in wording to the relaxation of 2 Samuel 7:14. That is robust evidence that this line is indeed an element of the unique text. There isn’t a have to consider it’s a scribal insertion.
Maybe the most convincing evidence to the writer that this verse applies to Christ alone is that Solomon was never punished with the rods of men. Some might argue this language in 2 Samuel is figurative. However it’s troublesome to argue that first half is fulfilled actually in the individual of Solomon and second half solely figuratively. If Solomon have been meant to be a double or partial achievement of the verse, when he sinned (and he definitely did), he ought to have personally been chastised “with the rod of men and with the blows of the sons of men” (2 Sam. 7:14). At the very least, his armies should have been defeated and his kingdom lowered in some vital capacity. In any other case, God’s word was broken. Yet, at no time can we read of Solomon coming beneath the rod and blows of males, but beneath his reign the monarchy reached its zenith.
It is subsequently the writer’s view that there was no partial achievement of Nathan’s Vision in the individual of Solomon. The implications of this are that David misapplied God’s promise to Solomon and will not have initiated development of the temple.
As we’ve got seen, the temple originated with David, not God, and God clearly rejected David’s proposal to construct it (1 Chron. 17:Four). Yet David did much or almost all of the work, underneath the guise of in depth “preparation,” even giving the first command to start its development. God by no means requested for an “exalted” (1 Ki. 8:13) or “exceedingly magnificent, famous and glorious” (1 Chron. 22:5) temple and Stephen consists of the constructing of the temple in his listing of examples of how the Israelites had resisted the Holy Spirit. Nonetheless, sooner or later God permitted David to proceed, even blessing him in his preparations with steerage from the Holy Spirit (1 Chron. 28:12) and finally filling it together with his glory (2 Chron. 5:13; 2 Chron. 7:1-2; 1 Ki. Eight:10-11).
In this narrative, David proposed to construct a temple for God. God answered him via the prophet Nathan in a imaginative and prescient. This is found in 2 Samuel 7 and 1 Chronicles 17.
2 Samuel 7
1 Now it came to cross when the king was dwelling in his house, and the Lord had given him rest from all his enemies throughout, 2 that the king stated to Nathan the prophet, “See now, I dwell in a house of cedar, but the ark of God dwells inside tent curtains.” Three
2 Then Nathan stated to the king, “Go, do all that is in your heart, for the Lordis with you.”
4 However it occurred that night time that the word of the Lord came to Nathan, saying, 5 “Go and tell My servant David, ‘Thus says the Lord: “Would you build a house for Me to dwell in? 6 For I have not dwelt in a house since the time that I brought the children of Israel up from Egypt, even to this day, but have moved about in a tent and in a tabernacle. 7 Wherever I have moved about with all the children of Israel, have I ever spoken a word to anyone from the tribes of Israel, whom I commanded to shepherd My people Israel, saying, ‘Why have you not built Me a house of cedar?’ ” ’ 8 Now subsequently, thus shall you say to My servant David, ‘Thus says the Lord of hosts: “I took you from the sheepfold, from following the sheep, to be ruler over My individuals, over Israel. 9 And I’ve been with you wherever you have got gone, and have minimize off all your enemies from before you, and have made you an incredible identify, like the identify of the great men who’re on the earth. 10 Furthermore I will appoint a place for My individuals Israel, and will plant them, that they could dwell in a spot of their own and move no more; nor shall the sons of wickedness oppress them anymore, as beforehand, 11 since the time that I commanded judges to be over My individuals Israel, and have brought on you to rest from all of your enemies. Also the Lord tells you that He will make you a house.
12 “When your days are fulfilled and you rest with your fathers, I will set up your seed after you, who will come from your body, and I will establish his kingdom. 13 He shall build a house for My name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever. 14 I will be his Father, and he shall be My son. If he commits iniquity, I will chasten him with the rod of men and with the blows of the sons of men. 15 But My mercy shall not depart from him, as I took it from Saul, whom I removed from before you. 16 And your house and your kingdom shall be established forever before you. Your throne shall be established forever.” ’ ”
17 In response to all these words and based on all this vision, so Nathan spoke to David. (2 Samuel 7:1–17)
1 Chronicles 17
1 Now it came to move, when David was dwelling in his house, that David stated to Nathan the prophet, “See now, I dwell in a house of cedar, but the ark of the covenant of the Lordis under tent curtains.”
2 Then Nathan stated to David, “Do all that is in your heart, for God is with you.”
3 Nevertheless it occurred that night time that the word of God came to Nathan, saying, 4 “Go and tell My servant David, ‘Thus says the Lord: “You shall not build Me a house to dwell in. 5 For I have not dwelt in a house since the time that I brought up Israel, even to this day, but have gone from tent to tent, and from one tabernacle to another.6 Wherever I have moved about with all Israel, have I ever spoken a word to any of the judges of Israel, whom I commanded to shepherd My people, saying, ‘Why have you not built Me a house of cedar?’ ” ’ 7 Now subsequently, thus shall you say to My servant David, ‘Thus says the Lord of ho sts: “I took you from the sheepfold, from following the sheep, to be ruler over My people Israel. 8 And I have been with you wherever you have gone, and have cut off all your enemies from before you, and have made you a name like the name of the great men who are on the earth. 9 Moreover I will appoint a place for My people Israel, and will plant them, that they may dwell in a place of their own and move no more; nor shall the sons of wickedness oppress them anymore, as previously, 10 since the time that I commanded judges to be over My people Israel. Also I will subdue all your enemies. Furthermore I tell you that the Lord will build you a house. 11 And it shall be, when your days are fulfilled, when you must go to be with your fathers, that I will set up your seed after you, who will be of your sons; and I will establish his kingdom. 12 He shall build Me a house, and I will establish his throne forever. 13 I will be his Father, and he shall be My son; and I will not take My mercy away from him, as I took it from him who was before you. 14 And I will establish him in My house and in My kingdom forever; and his throne shall be established forever.” ’ ”
15 Based on all these phrases and in response to all this vision, so Nathan spoke to David. (1 Chronicles 17:1–15)
This second narrative happens later in time, after David had made preparations for the temple. He publically charged his son Solomon to be trustworthy to build the temple. This is found in 1 Chronicles 22 and 1 Chronicles 28-29.
1 Chronicles 22
1 Then David stated, “This is the house of the Lord God, and this is the altar of burnt offering for Israel.” 2 So David commanded to collect the aliens who have been in the land of Israel; and he appointed masons to cut hewn stones to build the house of God. 3 And David prepared iron in abundance for the nails of the doorways of the gates and for the joints, and bronze in abundance beyond measure, 4 and cedar timber in abundance; for the Sidonians and people from Tyre introduced much cedar wood to David.
5 Now David stated, “Solomon my son is young and inexperienced, and the house to be built for the Lordmust be exceedingly magnificent, famous and glorious throughout all countries. I will now make preparation for it.” So David made plentiful preparations before his demise.
6 Then he referred to as for his son Solomon, and charged him to construct a home for the Lord God of Israel. 7 And David stated to Solomon: “My son, as for me, it was in my mind to build a house to the name of the Lord my God; 8 but the word of the Lord came to me, saying, ‘You have shed much blood and have made great wars; you shall not build a house for My name, because you have shed much blood on the earth in My sight. 9 Behold, a son shall be born to you, who shall be a man of rest; and I will give him rest from all his enemies all around. His name shall be Solomon, for I will give peace and quietness to Israel in his days. 10 He shall build a house for My name, and he shall be My son, and I will be his Father; and I will establish the throne of his kingdom over Israel forever.’ 11 Now, my son, may the Lord be with you; and may you prosper, and build the house of the Lord your God, as He has said to you. 12 Only may the Lord give you wisdom and understanding, and give you charge concerning Israel, that you may keep the law of the Lord your God. 13 Then you will prosper, if you take care to fulfill the statutes and judgments with which the Lord charged Moses concerning Israel. Be strong and of good courage; do not fear nor be dismayed. 14 Indeed I have taken much trouble to prepare for the house of the Lord one hundred thousand talents of gold and one million talents of silver, and bronze and iron beyond measure, for it is so abundant. I have prepared timber and stone also, and you may add to them. 15 Moreover there are workmen with you in abundance: woodsmen and stonecutters, and all types of skillful men for every kind of work. 16 Of gold and silver and bronze and iron there is no limit. Arise and begin working, and the Lord be with you.”
17 David also commanded all the leaders of Israel to help Solomon his son, saying,18 “Is not the Lord your God with you? And has He not given you rest on every side? For He has given the inhabitants of the land into my hand, and the land is subdued before the Lord and before His people. 19 Now set your heart and your soul to seek the Lord your God. Therefore arise and build the sanctuary of the Lord God, to bring the ark of the covenant of the Lord and the holy articles of God into the house that is to be built for the name of the Lord.” (1 Chronicles 22:1-19)
1 Chronicles 28
1 Now David assembled at Jerusalem all the leaders of Israel: the officers of the tribes and the captains of the divisions who served the king, the captains over hundreds and captains over tons of, and the stewards over all the substance and possessions of the king and of his sons, with the officials, the valiant males, and all the mighty men of valor.
2 Then King David rose to his ft and stated, “Hear me, my brethren and my individuals: I had it in my heart to build a home of rest for the ark of the covenant of the Lord, and for the footstool of our God, and had made preparations to build it. 3 However God stated to me, ‘You shall not build a house for My name, because you have been a man of war and have shed blood.’ 4 Nevertheless the Lord God of Israel selected me above all the home of my father to be king over Israel perpetually, for He has chosen Judah to be the ruler. And of the house of Judah, the house of my father, and among the sons of my father, He was happy with me to make me king over all Israel. 5 And of all my sons (for the Lord has given me many sons) He has chosen my son Solomon to take a seat on the throne of the kingdom of the Lord over Israel. 6 Now He stated to me, ‘It is your son Solomon who shall build My house and My courts; for I have chosen him to be My son, and I will be his Father. 7 Moreover I will establish his kingdom forever, if he is steadfast to observe My commandments and My judgments, as it is this day.’ Eight Now subsequently, in the sight of all Israel, the assembly of the Lord, and in the listening to of our God, be careful to seek out all the commandments of the Lord your God, that you may possess this good land, and depart it as an inheritance in your youngsters after you perpetually.
9 “As for you, my son Solomon, know the God of your father, and serve Him with a loyal heart and with a willing mind; for the Lord searches all hearts and understands all the intent of the thoughts. If you seek Him, He will be found by you; but if you forsake Him, He will cast you off forever. 10 Consider now, for the Lord has chosen you to build a house for the sanctuary; be strong, and do it.”
11 Then David gave his son Solomon the plans for the vestibule, its homes, its treasuries, its higher chambers, its internal chambers, and the place of the mercy seat; 12 and the plans for all that he had by the Spirit, of the courts of the house of the Lord, of all the chambers throughout, of the treasuries of the house of God, and of the treasuries for the dedicated issues; 13 additionally for the division of the clergymen and the Levites, for all the work of the service of the home of the Lord, and for all the articles of service in the house of the Lord. 14 He gave gold by weight for things of gold, for all articles utilized in all kinds of service; also silver for all articles of silver by weight, for all articles used in all kinds of service; 15 the weight for the lampstands of gold, and their lamps of gold, by weight for each lampstand and its lamps; for the lampstands of silver by weight, for the lampstand and its lamps, in line with the use of each lampstand. 16 And by weight he gave gold for the tables of the showbread, for every desk, and silver for the tables of silver; 17 also pure gold for the forks, the basins, the pitchers of pure gold, and the golden bowls—he gave gold by weight for every bowl; and for the silver bowls, silver by weight for every bowl; 18 and refined gold by weight for the altar of incense, and for the development of the chariot, that is, the gold cherubim that unfold their wings and overshadowed the ark of the covenant of the Lord. 19 “All this,” stated David, “the Lord made me understand in writing, by His hand upon me, all the works of these plans.”
20 And David stated to his son Solomon, “Be strong and of good courage, and do it; do not fear nor be dismayed, for the Lord God—my God—will be with you. He will not leave you nor forsake you, until you have finished all the work for the service of the house of the Lord. 21 Here are the divisions of the priests and the Levites for all the service of the house of God; and every willing craftsman will be with you for all manner of workmanship, for every kind of service; also the leaders and all the people will be completely at your command.” (1 Chronicles 28:1-21)
Fashionable translations use both the phrase “if” or “when” in their translations of 2 Samuel 7:14. For instance, The New King James Model interprets this passage: “I will be his Father, and he shall be My son. If he commits iniquity, I will chasten him with the rod of men and with the blows of the sons of men” (emphasis added). And The New Worldwide Model translates it: “I will be his father, and he will be my son. When he does wrong, I will punish him with the rod of men, with floggings inflicted by men” (emphasis added).
The following table exhibits main translations sorted so as of publication date (Previous Testament publication date is given for variations the place Previous Testament was revealed after the New Testomony).
Translations using “if”
Translations utilizing “when”
Douay-Rheims Bible (1609)
King James Version (1611)
1890 Darby Bible (1890)
American Normal Model (1901)
The New American Bible (1970)
The Dwelling Bible (1971)
The New King James Version (1982)
New Dwelling Translation (1996)
The Lexham English Septuagint (2012)
The Good News Translation (1966)
The New American Normal Bible (1971)
The New International Model (1978)
New Century Model (1987)
The Revised Commonplace Model (1989)
The Modern English Model (199 5)
English Commonplace Model (2001)
The Message (2002)
The Holman Christian Normal Bible (2004)
The double or partial achievement view is a well-liked view. Some individuals and commentaries favoring this viewpoint are:
(1) Matthew Henry: “Some of these promises relate to Solomon, his immediate successor, and to the royal line of Judah… Others of them relate to Christ… The supposition of committing iniquity cannot indeed be applied to the Messiah himself.”
(2) John Gill: “This is applied to Christ, the antitypical Solomon.”
(Three) John Wesley: “This is intended both of Solomon, as a type of Christ… in those things wherein Solomon was a type of Christ, the sense passes through Solomon to Christ.”
(4) Warren Wiersbe: “Some of this covenant was fulfilled in Solomon… The ultimate fulfillment of these promises is in Jesus Christ.”
(5) Believer’s Bible Commentary: “This covenant promised that David would have a son (Solomon) who would build the temple; that this son’s throne would be established forever; that when he would sin, God would correct him, but His mercy would not cease.”
(6) Keil and Delitzsh Commentary On The Previous Testomony: “It is very obvious, from all the separate details of this promise, that it related primarily to Solomon, and had a certain fulfillment in him and his reign.”
(7) Wycliffe Bible Commentary: “Solomon, David’s son and successor, brought an immediate and partial fulfillment to the promise.”
Noted scholar Adam Clarke was an outspoken critic of the conventional view that there was some partial achievement of Nathan’s Vision in Solomon. He argued towards any achievement in Solomon and stated that the partial achievement viewpoint is predicated on a mistranslation of 2 Samuel 7:14. He concludes there was no achievement in Solomon and God was not asking Solomon for a temple. George Caird additionally stated, “The temple may have had its place in unifying national Israel, but it stood in the way of a more lofty and universal faith in God who dwells with the humble and contrite.” W. H. Bennett stated, “There are some traces in the OT of a view that the Temple of Solomon was a mistaken innovation.” In style writer James Coffman stated, “The great disaster in any theory of God’s dwelling in some earthly temple lies in the limitation in such a conception, effectively restricting the presence of the all-wise, omnipotent, and omniscient God to some given location.” Additionally, a handful or people have posted thoughts about this on-line. But all in all, it appears that evidently this matter has not been extensively discussed.
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Caird, George. The Interpreters Bible Quantity One. Nashville, TN: Abingdon Press, 1984.
Clarke, Adam. “Commentary on 2 Samuel 7.” Studylight. Accessed October 19, 2013. http://www.studylight.org/com/acc/view.cgi?bk=9&ch=7.
Coffman, James Burton.The James Burton Coffman Commentary Collection: The Historic Books, Commentary On 2 Samuel 7. Abilene: Abilene Christian University Press, 1974. Accessed October 19, 2013. http://www.studylight.org/com/bcc/view.cgi?bk=9&ch=7.
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Gill, John. 2 Samuel 7: 14 Commentaries. Bible Hub. Accessed October 19, 2013. http://biblehub.com/commentaries/2_samuel/7-14.htm.
Harris, R. Laird, Gleason L. Archer Jr., and Bruce Okay. Waltke, eds. Theological Wordbook of the Previous Testomony. Chicago: Moody Press, 1999.
Henry, Matthew. Matthew Henry’s Commentary on the Entire Bible: Full and Unabridged in One Quantity. Peabody: Hendrickson, 1994.
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MacDonald, William. Believer’s Bible Commentary: Previous and New Testaments. Edited by Arthur Farstad. Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 1995.
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Pfeiffer, Charles F. The Wycliffe Bible Commentary: Previous Testomony. Chicago: Moody Press, 1962.
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Smith, H. P. The International Important Commentary on the Holy Scriptures of the Previous and New Testaments: Samuel. New York: Scribner, 1899.
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Wiersbe, Warren. Wiersbe’s Expository Outlines on the Previous Testomony. Wheaton, IL: Victor Books, 1993.
Woods, Lynette. “A Temple Made by Human Hands.” Unveiling. Accessed October 19, 2013. http://www.unveiling.org/articles/tabernacle.html.
Zuck, Roy B. Primary Bible Interpretation: A Practical Guide to Discovering Biblical Fact. Colorado Springs, CO: David C. Prepare dinner, 1991.